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Statutory waiver or automatic transfer: Allows for juveniles to be sent automatically to adult criminal court based solely on the category of crime they are charged with. Once adult/always adult: Requires juvenile offenders who were previously in adult criminal court to be transferred automatically for any future crime. Transfers of youth from juvenile court to adult criminal court are not exclusively reserved for the most violent juvenile offenders.
14, 15 In adult prisons, these youth are far less likely to receive important rehabilitative services they need.
13 Fifteen states allow for prosecutorial discretion.
7 From 1999 to 2008, the overall rate of youth under the age of 18 involved in the juvenile justice system declined, but individual rates and changes in these rates vary. Different from adults: An updated analysis of juvenile transfer and blended sentencing laws, with recommendations for reform: Models for Change: Systems Reform in Juvenile Justice.
In most scenarios, once a juvenile has been accused of a crime, he or she appears in juvenile court and the case is heard by a judge who decides upon a sentence.
2, 3 Just over two million youth under the age of 18 were arrested in 2008.
Of these two million, about 95 percent had not been accused of violent crimes, such as murder, rape, or aggravated assault.